Piano was invented in Italy around 1700 to replace instruments such as: harpsichord and clavichord, which could play notes only at one level.
These instruments couldn’t keep up with orchestras capable of wide dynamic range and with demands from composers of the time.
Thanks to that invention musicians were capable of creating a wide range of textures, sounds and musical ideas.
This instrument, initially called ‘piano forte’ (soft loud) gain enormous popularity in the 19th century thanks to composers - virtuosos, such as Fryderyk Chopin and Franz Liszt.
Piano underwent a series of modifications, including the addition of pedals, which turned it into a musical instrument we know today.